What is plastic, reconstructive and cosmetic surgery?
Plastic surgery covers both reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. Made necessary historically because of wars, beginning with the First World War, reconstructive surgery, covered by Social Security, is used to rebuild and improve the appearance of the body following a congenital deformity, an accident or a surgical intervention. Cosmetic surgery, which is not reimbursed by Social Security except in exceptional cases, is intended for people who wish to improve their physical appearance to make them feel better about themselves, according to their own judgment.
Why resort to plastic, reconstructive or cosmetic surgery?
Restorative surgery aims to restore the integrity of the body and face, so that the person can rebuild himself, physically and morally, after a trauma - burns, bites, accidents... It also intervenes to correct a malformation, such as a harelip in a child or an excessively large chest. Restorative surgery also focuses on reconstructing the body damaged by a surgical act, such as the fitting of a breast prosthesis following a breast removal (mastectomy). In a society where appearance is of prime importance, cosmetic surgery aims to restore self-esteem. Refining a silhouette, liposuction of the stomach or legs, nose correction also know as rhinoplasty, facelift, intimate surgery...: the reasons for resorting to cosmetic surgery depend on each individual.
How to choose your plastic surgeon?
The advice gathered from health and beauty professionals remains the best way to choose a plastic surgeon. This practitioner must of course be recognized by the Order of Physicians. In addition, the plastic surgeon cannot always accede to his patient's requests and his honesty in this matter often proves to be a guarantee of reliability, such as his transparency in terms of pricing in case of aesthetic intervention (beware of prices that are too low, given incompressible costs). In any case, he must inspire confidence in the person who is about to be transformed by his care.
What are the risks of a cosmetic surgery operation?
Although cosmetic surgery is very successful today, the operations it requires, like any surgical act, involve risks of which the patient must be informed. These operations require anesthesia, local or most often general, whose related risks are exposed by the anesthetist during the pre-anesthetic consultation. The surgeon must also take care to prevent and eliminate infectious and haemorrhagic risks. In addition, some people heal better than others, although hypertrophic scars (excess tissue) usually flatten after a few months. As for breast prostheses and implants, they can cause allergies, displacement or indurations that the practitioner must treat. Finally, cosmetic surgery presents psychological risks. The transformation is not insignificant, and the results can prove to be disappointing compared to the expected dream. Beware also of the temptation to multiply operations to feel better. The risks are not negligible.